Natl Res Inst Fisheries Engn, Hasaki, Ibaraki 3140421, Japan; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; Hokkaido Univ, Fac Fisheries, Hakodate, Hokkaido 0410821, Japan
The interclick intervals of captive dolphins are known to be longer than the two-way transit time between the dolphin and a target. In the present study, the interclick intervals of free-ranging baiji, finless porpoises, and bottlenose dolphins in the wild and in captivity were compared. The click intervals in open waters ranged up to 100-200 ms, whereas the click intervals in captivity were in the order of 4-28 ms. Echolocation of free-ranging dolphins appears to adapt to various distance in navigation or ranging, sometimes up to 140 m. Additionally, the difference of waveform characteristics of clicks between species was recognized in the frequency of maximum energy and the click duration. (C) 1998 Acoustical Society of America. [S0001-4966(98)06609-0].
T.Akamatsu; D.Wang; K.Nakamura; K.Wang.Echolocation range of captive and free-ranging baiji (Lipotes vexillifer), finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides), and bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus),JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA,1998,104(4):2511-2516